Erik Erikson was a developmental psychologist. His birthday was June 14, 1902.
To commemorate it, we are having a tournament!
One of Erikson's chief contributions to the field is describing stages of psychosocial development. He described eight stages of psychosocial development a human confronts from infancy to adulthood. Each of these stages is centered around a crisis. For infants, for instance, the crisis is "trust vs. mistrust". Can an infant learn to trust the world, or will they instead learn that the world is unsafe, unnurturing, and unpredictable, and learn to mistrust it?
The 8 crises are:
Trust vs. Mistrust
Autonomy vs. Shame
Initiative vs. Guilt
Industry vs. Inferiority
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Intimacy vs Isolation
Generativity vs. Stagnation
Ego Integrity vs Despair
Which way these crises resolve is variable and depends on the individual and the situation. Sometimes trust wins out; sometimes mistrust.
But let's ask the important questions...
Then, we will know what is the ultimate existential outcome for the human psyche.
AUTONOMY soundly defeated trust to get here.
INITIATIVE crushed industry.
We have two real DOERS here. With INITIATIVE, you can do things that you want to do. With AUTONOMY, you can do things.
One may be more advanced, but which one is more POWERFUL? Is planning and desire going to allow INITIATIVE to outmatch AUTONOMY, or will the sheer destructive force of action, even without thought or much purpose, enough to carry AUTONOMY into the finals?
After defeating worthy opponents intimacy and generativity, we get this matchup:
Understanding the present vs. Reflecting on the past
Awareness of true yourself vs True self-awareness
Finding out who you are vs. Finding out who you were was worthwhile
It's a classic matchup of evenly matched adversaries.
Will IDENTITY continue to BE a winner?
Or will EGO INTEGRIY continue to have a tournament it can look back upon with pride?